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By Edwin P. Hoyt

Для сайта:Мир книгThe epic conflict of Stalingrad should be remembered as one in every of history’s so much savage conflicts. right here world-renowned army historian Edwin P. Hoyt tells the entire tale of this bloody conflict, utilizing files from Moscow and American documents in addition to first-person testimonials from Stalingrad’s heroic survivors.With the dramatic energy of a primary storyteller, Hoyt recreates the phrases and deeds of the battle’s chiefparticipants: its ruthless warlords, Hitler and Stalin; its fabled generals, von Paulus and Marshal Zhukov; its squaddies and civilians who fought, bled and died. during this thought-provoking and grimly interesting e-book, Hoyt offers a few startling and illuminating insights into this significant conflict.

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Discipline was enforced by a guard company. Staff and guards were highly paid and got special pension benefits for this unpleasant and sometimes dangerous work. The penal battalions were only employed in offensives and counteroffensives and were not allowed weapons until they entered the line. Then they were backed by guards and machine gunners who forced them forward to lead the attacks. They often attacked through minefields as "tramplers," whose bodies by the score marked the passage of the Red Army through a field.

It was only of importance as a convenient place, in the bottleneck between the Don and the Volga, where we could block an attack by Russian forces coming from the East. At the start Stalingrad was no more than a name on a map to us. The reorganization of the German forces in the south brought creation of two—not one—new army groups. Army Group B was created under General Maximilian von Weichs. It comprised the 2nd Army, the 4th Panzer Army, and the 6th Army, which Paulus commanded that spring. Field Marshal Wilhelm List was given Army Group A, which included the 1st Panzer Army under Kleist and the 17th Infantry Army.

This offensive was a total failure also. The third Soviet offensive was launched by Marshal Timoshenko against Kharkov, on May 12. They ran into General Paulus with his fourteen fresh divisions of the 6th Army. The Russian northern force drove Paulus back to the Belgorod-Kharkov rail line, but was not strong enough to go farther. The offensive stalled in north and south, and Timoshenko asked permission to slow it down, but Stalin responded that Kharkov must be captured. Meanwhile the Germans were planning their summer offensive.

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