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By John H. Hann

While Spanish and French explorers first landed in Florida early within the sixteenth century, Timucua audio system occupied extra land quarter and have been extra quite a few than the other aboriginal workforce. this can be their first specific background, a huge learn that locations its writer within the leading edge of Spanish colonial historians operating within the usa. The Timucua are the one local humans of Florida whose language survives in literature in enough caliber and volume to allow major examine. hoping on formerly unused files, this account of the Timucua strains their adventure from first touch with Europeans to their exile to Cuba in 1763 and their ultimate eradication. starting with the query in their quantity and their destinations in northern Florida and southern Georgia, John Hann examines the Timucua's contacts with a variety of ecu teams, beginning with Ponce de Le?n's excursion. He encompasses a unique presentation in their event below the venture regimes, and covers such themes because the Europeans' descriptions of the folk, their language, tradition, and political constructions, the derivation in their language, and the meanings in their placenames and titles. He additionally resolves confusion over the level of the territory of a Timucua subgroup referred to as the Mocama, and discusses different Florida local peoples who moved into Timucua territory as refugees throughout the first 1/2 the 18th century.

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Extra resources for A History of the Timucua Indians and Missions (Ripley P. Bullen Series)

Sample text

Acuera or Diminiyuti or Ibiniyuti5. Yufera The Ocone probably should be included as a tenth eastern tribe. When first mentioned in 1602, they lived a three-day journey from the mouth of the St. Johns River and two days from San Pedro on Cumberland Island, probably on the eastern edge of the Okefenokee Swamp (Worth 1992a:15657). At least some of the natives aggregated at a place called Lake of Ocone in the 1640s were fugitives from villages of the province of Utina and of other places. San Pedro may have been one of the other places.

It is not clear, however, whether Pareja or other speakers of the language used the term Mocama to describe that dialect. Moca means "sea" or "ocean" in Timucua (Granberry 1989:174). In the portions of Pareja's publications and letters that I have viewed, he never applied the term Mocama to identify a province or to refer to the San Pedro mission on Cumberland Island. " In my experience, the earliest use of the name Mocama to refer to the people or the province occurred in a 1646 order by Florida's treasury officials (F.

Deagan (1978:111) observed that the Acuera "probably occupied the area between the Oklawaha and St. " Although Deagan remarked that the extent of the Acuera's horticulture remains unknown, de Soto was told that Acuera had plenty of maize (Milanich and Hudson 1993:72). He twice sent soldiers to Acuera from his base camp at Ocale to Page 13 gather provisions (Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés 1851:1,550). Avino, believed to be another name for Acuera, was mentioned early in the seventeenth century as a good agricultural region (Oré 1936:126; Swanton 1922:323).

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