Download A Political And Diplomatic History of Afghanistan, 1863-1901 by M. Hassan Kakar PDF

By M. Hassan Kakar

This political and diplomatic historical past of past due nineteenth-century Afghanistan and its significant ethnic teams lays naked how the floor was once laid for the emergence of Afghanistan as a geographical region in addition to for the implementation of schemes of modernization.

It describes how Amir Sher ‘Ali Khan and, extra absolutely, Amir ‘Abd al-Rahman Khan for the 1st time consolidated the authority of the primary executive on the rate of the normal self reliant neighborhood magnates, and hence controlled to prepare a centralized monarchical kingdom and expand its direct rule thoughout Afghanistan.

They did so within the days of what has develop into referred to as the good video game for the mastery of crucial Asian states. even if the good online game led to the relief of Afghanistan in dimension, it additionally ended in the transparent demarcation of its limitations in keeping with overseas agreements.

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Additional resources for A Political And Diplomatic History of Afghanistan, 1863-1901 (Brill's Inner Asian Library)

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47 46 47 Effendi, Royals and Royal Mendicants, 134. , 107. 48 Surprisingly, after his brother, Mohammad Ayyub joined him in Herat, Mohammad Ya"qub Khan reappeared in Kabul and sought a pardon, which his father granted him and sent him back to his post in Herat. The amir, thus, pardoned him, but had lost hope in him to succeed him. In 1873, the amir bypassed him as well as his full-brother, and nominated his seven-year-old son, Sardar 'Abd Allah Jan, as his heir—apparent (wali"ahd ). ”51 Sardar Mohammad Ayyub Khan fled to Mashhad in Persia.

During this period, the large tract of Pashtun land up to Peshawar was still a part of Afghanistan. ”24 The reform was well received, since the Pashtuns constituted the great majority of the population, members of the dynasty still spoke Pashto, and the Persian-dominated bureaucracy was only limited. Qazi 'Abd al-Qadir (Yusufzay), known as Qazi Qadiro, whom the amir had brought with him from Peshawar assisted him in his reforms. ”25 In 1876 The Qazi had even supervised the enumeration of the residents of the city of Kabul, which then had a population of 140,700 men and women.

As an instigator of the Muslim world determined to oppose the European domination of the Muslim countries and working for the revival of Islam, Afghani advocated the Pan-Islamic movement as well as the overthrow of the Muslim absolutist rulers. However, Amir Sher 'Ali Khan charged that “. . ” Afghani had entered Herat in 1866, and since October 1867 had lodged at the Bala Hissar in Kabul. ” Apparently, he also intended to advise the new amir to follow a similar line. ”15 Second and more importantly, early in 1869 the amir visited India officially, and held meetings in Ambala with the governor-general and viceroy, Lord Mayo, who received him well, but did not share his fear of Russia.

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