By Brad Montgomery-Anderson
The Cherokees have the oldest and best-known local American writing approach within the usa. Invented by way of Sequoyah and made public in 1821, it was once quickly followed, resulting in nineteenth-century Cherokee literacy charges as excessive as ninety percentage. This writing process, the Cherokee syllabary, is absolutely defined and used all through this quantity, the 1st and merely entire released grammar of the Cherokee language.
even though the Cherokee Reference Grammar focuses at the dialect spoken by way of the Cherokees in Oklahoma—the Cherokee state and the United Keetoowah Band of Cherokee Indians—it presents the grammatical starting place upon which all of the dialects are established. In his creation, writer Brad Montgomery-Anderson bargains a quick account of Cherokee historical past and language revitalization tasks, in addition to directions for utilizing this grammar. The e-book then delves into an evidence of Cherokee pronunciation, orthography, elements of speech, and syntax.
whereas the e-book is meant as a reference grammar for knowledgeable students, Montgomery-Anderson offers the data in available phases, relocating from more uncomplicated examples to extra advanced linguistic constructions. Examples are taken from various assets, together with many from the Cherokee Phoenix. Audio clips of varied textual content examples all through are available at the accompanying CDs. the quantity additionally contains 3 appendices: a thesaurus keyed to the textual content; a typescript for the audio part; and a suite of literary texts: conventional tales and a historic account of a seek occasion touring up the Arkansas River.
The Cherokee country, because the second-largest tribe within the usa and the biggest in Oklahoma, in addition to the United Keetoowah Band and the japanese band of Cherokees, have lots of those who communicate their local language. Like different tribes, they've got visible a pointy decline within the variety of local audio system, quite one of the younger, yet they've got replied with formidable courses for protecting and revitalizing Cherokee tradition and language. Cherokee Reference Grammar will function an essential source in advancing those efforts to appreciate Cherokee background, language, and tradition all alone terms.
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Additional info for A reference grammar of Oklahoma Cherokee
Having said that, my knowledge of Cherokee has been enhanced by the insights contained in descriptions 17 of North Carolina Cherokee, especially those of King (1975) and Cook (1979). More detailed analyses of specific areas of Cherokee grammar will necessarily involve studies of the past and current styles of speech found in North Carolina. An immediately apparent feature of this grammar is the usage of the syllabary throughout. The Cherokee syllabary has been at various times deemed unsuitable for linguistic purposes.
4 b. $] wato howa [wato] [howa] ‘Thank you’ ‘OK’ Short vowels preceding /h/ are devoiced. Because these processes are automatic, the symbols representing devoicing and nasalization are not used in the Romanized script unless they warrant special attention. Both devoicing and word-final nasalization are exemplified in (29). 45 29) dg4d tikatohti [tikatohti] ‘curtains’ Vowels are found in initial, medial, and final position. The vowel /v/ occurs rarely word-initially in lexical items; it does appear word-initially in the Object Focus forms (see Chapter 4) and as a variant of the Iterative prepronominal prefix ii- (See Chapter 6).
Much remains to be 14 explored in the area of Cherokee pitch or tone; some authors suggest it is mostly predictable, while others claim it is unpredictable. In addition to Lindsey’s work, important discussions of tone are in Haag (1997), Haag (1999), Haag (2001), and Johnson (2005). Although a comprehensive analysis is lacking, both the Pulte and Feeling orthography and the UCLA orthography are good working systems of marking tone and vowel length. As far as morphology is concerned, there is general agreement on the template of the verbal complex and the terms used to denote the various positions.