By Joane Nagel
Does activism subject? This e-book solutions with a transparent "yes." American Indian Ethnic Renewal lines the expansion of the yank Indian inhabitants over the last 40 years, while the variety of local american citizens grew from fewer than one-half million in 1950 to just about 2 million in 1990. This quadrupling of the yankee Indian inhabitants can't be defined by way of emerging beginning premiums, declining loss of life charges, or immigration. as a substitute, the expansion within the variety of American Indians is the results of an elevated willingness of american citizens to spot themselves as Indians. what's riding this elevated ethnic identity? In American Indian Ethnic Renewal, Joane Nagel identifies a number of ancient forces that have converged to create an city Indian inhabitants base, a reservation and concrete Indian organizational infrastructure, and a vast cultural weather of ethnic delight and militancy. imperative between those forces was once federal Indian "Termination" coverage which, sarcastically, was once designed to assimilate and de-tribalize local the US. Reactions opposed to Termination have been nurtured by means of the Civil Rights period surroundings of ethnic delight to turn into a principal concentration of the local rights activist flow often called "Red Power." This resurgence of yankee Indian ethnic satisfaction encouraged elevated Indian ethnic identity, introduced a renaissance in American Indian tradition, language, paintings, and spirituality, and at last contributed to the alternative of Termination with new federal guidelines asserting tribal Self- choice. American Indian Ethnic Renewal deals a common conception of ethnic resurgence which stresses either constitution and agency--the position of politics and the significance of collective and person action--in figuring out how ethnic teams revitalize and reinvent themselves. students and scholars of yank Indians, social pursuits and activism, and up to date usa heritage, in addition to the final reader attracted to local American lifestyles, will all locate this an enticing and informative paintings
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Extra info for American Indian ethnic renewal : Red power and the resurgence of identity and culture
Finally, I show through census data, interviews, and the statements and analyses of many native and non-native observers and researchers that Red Power was the catalyst that sparked American Indian ethnic renewal. By their own hand, Indian leaders captured the moment and galvanized native and non-native public attention. The resulting Red Power movement prompted a surge in Indian self-identification, promoted a native cultural renaissance, and ultimately prompted a reversal of federal Indian policy.
Ericksen, and Richard N. Juliani, "Emergent Ethnicity: A Review and Reformulation," American Sociological Review 41 (1976): 391402; Deward E. , The Emergent Native Americans (Boston: Little, Brown, 1972). 8. Richard D. : Transaction, 1993); Mary E. Kelly, "The Re-emergence of Ethnic Identity among Third- and Fourth-Generation Lithuanian-Americans in Kansas City," Constructing Ethnic Identity 35 Sociologija Lietuvoje: Praeitis ir Dabartis (Kaunas, Lithuania: Kaunas Technical University) 3 (1993): 162-165.
40 Ethnic identities can also be abandoned when their utility declines. 41 Those cases where ethnicity appears to have little rational utility but is nonetheless maintained or renewed illustrate the fact that not all ethnicity is for profit—that is, the result of a rational choice made in order to obtain Constructing Ethnic Identity 25 a material advantage or avoid a loss. The concept of symbolic ethnicity comes closer to accounting for such ethnic options. 42 The selection among European ancestral ethnicities by white Americans appears much more as a leisure activity or pastime than for the pursuit of profit.