By Segun Adelana, Alan MacDonald
Groundwater is Africa’s most useful usual source, supplying trustworthy water provides for lots of people. extra improvement of groundwater assets is key to expanding entry to secure water around the continent to satisfy insurance objectives and decrease poverty. there's additionally an expanding curiosity within the use of groundwater for irrigated agriculture because the weather turns into extra variable. Sustainable improvement of the source isn't a trivial job and relies crucially on an knowing of the hydrogeology and other people with the talents to make trained judgements on how groundwater can most sensible be constructed and controlled in a sustainable model. regardless of those noticeable wishes, besides the fact that, little awareness has been paid to the systematic collecting of knowledge approximately groundwater assets some time past few a long time, with the end result that information are patchy, wisdom is restricted and funding is poorly targeted. This ebook was once written to begin to bridge the data hole. The 29 chapters are written by way of a mix of practitioners and researchers customarily from inside of Africa utilizing event from contemporary and ongoing projects. The chapters spotlight the complexity and diversity of concerns surrounding the improvement and administration of groundwater assets throughout Africa, and supply a image of groundwater study and alertness within the early twenty first century. Chapters variety from strategic discussions of the position of groundwater in improvement and poverty aid, to case reviews on concepts used to increase groundwater, and modelling tools for dealing with groundwater systems.
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Additional info for Applied Groundwater Studies in Africa: IAH Selected Papers on Hydrogeology, Volume 13
Technical Brief No 43: Simple Drilling Methods. Waterlines, 13 (3) 5–18. Getachew, H. 2004. UNICEF Study on Groundwater and Requirements for Drilling and Other Systems Tapping Groundwater in Ethiopia. Paper for International Groundwater Conference, Addis Ababa, 25–27 May 2004. Haysom, A. 2006. A study of the factors affecting sustainability of rural water supplies in Tanzania. Unpublished MSc thesis, Cranfield University, Silsoe, UK. JMP 2006. Meeting the MDG drinking water and sanitation target: the urban and rural challenge of the decade.
In a rural district, approximately 100 km east of Masvingo, a community-managed water and sanitation programme has successfully branched out into communal and family owned productive gardens. Rains are unreliable in this area, and crops, most commonly maize and millet, may often fail if a reliable water supply cannot be secured. Groundwater development for poverty alleviation 37 The Bikita area has many boreholes of 40–60 m depth, and deep wells up to 30 m depth, all of which are equipped with the locally produced Zimbabwe Bush hand pump, and maintained within the community.
In the first of these, existing technologies (hand percussion, hand augering, sludging, jetting and their variants and combinations) need to be modified and adapted to the local geological and economic environment. g. g. cutting, hardening, welding, threading). Small enterprises need to be introduced to the “new” technologies, trained in their use, and then provided with business training. g. equipment, transport) or in cash (seed capital or credit) in the short-term, as well as longer term assistance until they become viable business entities.