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By L. Buszynski

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Additional resources for Asia Pacific Security - Values and Identity (Routledgecurzon Security in Asia Series, 2)

Sample text

The party leadership attempted to impose greater control over the PLA, as senior officers 34 Values, identity and the significance of Taiwan to China owed their appointments to the patriarch Deng and had proved difficult to control. Jiang Zemin moved to secure the allegiance of the PLA through promotions. 59 In December 1994 Jiang held a series of meetings with the party committees of three PLA units and seven military regions to obtain the allegiance of the regional commanders. He reportedly strengthened his control over promotions within the military in a move against his opponents.

Serious problems may arise when others outside of China, particularly in the US, take morale, boosting declarations at face value. 14 China’s remarkable economic transformation has triggered a process of internal value change and the formation of social groups that promote challenger norms within the framework of interdependence and integration with the external world. Economic growth has created the new business class that is in evidence in China today, and has strengthened the position of the Western-trained intellectuals in the economic ministries and the universities who are expected to readapt China’s value system.

These issues then set the parameters for other policies. Concordance between stated values and actual behaviour may be recorded over time, and the development of particular challenger norms may be examined which could in time presage a value change. Political culture and identity are intimately associated with security, which is the preservation of group identity, the defence of core values, religious beliefs, community cohesion and language. Security is the sense of national and social belonging that goes beyond the notion of physical threat and which has to be understood within its cultural context.

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