By Stephen Haw
Stephen Haw units out the historical past of the town of Beijing, charting the process its improvement from its early roots ahead of 2000 BC to its modern place as capital of the PeopleвЂ™s Republic of China.
Stephen Haw, a well-established writer on China, outlines the institution of the earliest towns within the years earlier than one thousand BC, its prestige as neighborhood capital in the course of many of the lengthy Zhou dynasty, and its emergence as capital of the complete of China after the conquest of the Mongol invaders less than Chenghiz Khan and his successors. He considers the cityвЂ™s assumption of its glossy identify вЂBeijingвЂ™ below the Ming dynasty, conquest by means of the Manchus and the turbulent years of civil conflict that the cave in of the Qing dynasty in 1911, culminating within the communist revolution and BeijingвЂ™s resumption of the function of capital of China in 1949.
Overall, Stephen Haw provides a powerful account of the lengthy and interesting background of a urban that's turning out to be in prominence as an city centre of world significance.
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Extra resources for Beijing A Concise History
Yan was not the only state in the Beijing area during the early Zhou period. Historical records also refer to another state, called Ji. Early texts say that after King Wu of Zhou overthrew the Shang, he appointed the descendants of the Yellow Emperor to rule Ji. There are differing opinions about the relationship between Ji and Yan, but it seems most likely that these were originally two different states located close to each other, both in the Beijing area. The capital city of Ji may have been situated in the south-west part of what is now Beijing city, in the Guang’anmen area.
23 together with Daxing District in Beijing Municipality and Gu’an County in Hebei. The north-western part of today’s Beijing Municipality was included within Shanggu prefecture and the north and north-east within Yuyang prefecture. As well as building a Great Wall, the Qin Emperor had a network of roads constructed to improve communications within his newly-united Empire. The city of Ji lay at the junction of two of these roads. It was an important staging-post on the way to the north-eastern part of the Qin Empire (in the south of today’s Liaoning province) and the eastern part of the Great Wall.
Yan was greatly weakened by this disaster. During the following three or four decades, Yan was often in conflict with its other neighbour, Zhao, and was repeatedly defeated. Zhao had enemies on all sides. From the west, it was under pressure from Qin, which had become the most powerful of all the states. In 229 BCE there was a great earthquake in Zhao. Qin took advantage of this natural disaster to invade Zhao, occupying its capital city, Handan, the following year. Zhao became subordinate to Qin.