By Keith R. Widder
On June 2, 1763, the Ojibwe captured Michigan’s citadel Michilimackinac from the British. Ojibwe warriors from villages on Mackinac Island and alongside the Cheboygan River had stunned the unsuspecting garrison whereas enjoying a online game of baggatiway. at the heels of the seize, Odawa from within reach L’Arbre Croche arrived to rescue British prisoners, surroundings into movement a classy sequence of negotiations between Ojibwe, Odawa, and Menominee and different Indians from Wisconsin. simply because approximately all local humans within the Michilimackinac borderland had allied themselves with the British sooner than the assault, they refused to hitch the Michilimackinac Ojibwe of their attempt to oust the British from the higher state; the turmoil successfully halted the fur exchange. past Pontiac’s Shadow examines the situations prime as much as the assault and the process occasions within the aftermath that ended in the regarrisoning of the castle and the recovery of the fur exchange. on the center of this dialogue is an research of French-Canadian and Indian groups on the Straits of Mackinac and during the can pay d’en haut. An available consultant to this significant interval in Michigan, American, and Canadian historical past, past Pontiac’s Shadow sheds valuable mild on a political and cultural situation.
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Extra info for Beyond Pontiac's Shadow: Michilimackinac and the Anglo-Indian War of 1763
Canadian farmers grew wheat to provide enough ﬂour for the settlement. Huron and Odawa men and women living in villages on the south side of the river and Potawatomi living on the north side interacted daily with the French. Native people outnumbered the Canadians. Estimates of the sizes of the Indian communities put 250 men in the Huron village, 300 men in the Odawa village, and 150 men in the Potawatomi village with another 320 men in the Ojibwe or Mississauga settlements just north of Detroit.
Fish are very plentiful in Lake Huron, in which are found carp, goldﬁsh, pike, sturgeon, trout, brill, whiteﬁsh, and others. The whiteﬁsh are excellent; make good soup; or can be served with various kinds of sauces. In Michillimakinac, however, they prefer them cooked in water with a little salt. Bonin’s chronicle of Péan’s Indian council allows us to observe French-Indian diplomacy at work. During the twelve days that Péan’s contingent remained at Michilimackinac, he met with twelve hundred men from sixteen nations on three occasions.
Indian families used some goods for other purposes. Native men, women, and children stared into their looking glasses (mirrors) while they groomed themselves with new combs or painted themselves with vermilion, all supplied by traders. Playing cards and tobacco were two other items that brought enjoyment to the Native people. Indian leaders demanded that alcohol be given to them after a council had ended, and, at times, some hunters spent much of their earnings for brandy. Too much drinking often led to violence and disruption within Native communities.