By Germany) Zeocat 9 (1990 Leipzig, Harry Pfeifer, Gerhard Ohlmann
The lawsuits of ZEOCAT ninety mirror the wide-ranging features of the swiftly increasing box of zeolite technological know-how and know-how. The invited plenary lectures given by way of eminent zeolite scientists summarize present wisdom and deal with topical parts of zeolite learn, together with a contribution at the use of zeolites as membranes. the sphere of investigations defined within the submitted articles during this quantity covers a large quarter of difficulties starting from the impression of the synthesis strategy at the houses to questions of acidity, adsorption, diffusion, and catalysis. Of detailed curiosity are the newly constructed purposes of zeolites within the synthesis of good chemical compounds, using zeolites for sensors and good electrolytes, and the delicate zeolite-based separation techniques.
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Extra info for Catalysis and Adsorption by Zeolites
Gallezot et al. [ 1151 investigated the selective hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde in the liquid phase at 60 "C under a hydrogen pressure of 40 bar. The first hydrogenation step can lead to either 3-phenylpropanal or cinnamyl alcohol (Fig. 6), depending on whether hydrogen adds to the carbon-carbon double bond or the carbonyl group. Ultimately, 3-phenylpropanol is formed. + and subsequent decomposition of the ammine complex under different, but well defined conditions. -%, respectively. Transmission electron microscopy revealed that, in the first sample, the noble metal was homogeneously distributed inside the zeolite with a particle diameter of 1 to 2 nm.
For their preparation, the transition metal ion is first exchanged into the zeolite whereupon the complex is synthesized by reaction with 1,2-dicyanobenzene at temperatures around 300 "C. Usually, part of the phthalocyanine complexes are formed at the external surface, but this part can be selectively removed by Soxhlet extraction. Iron phthalocyanine in NaY has also been synthesized from [HFe3(CO),,]- which was first oxidized and then reduced under controlled conditions whereupon 12-dicyanobenzene was admitted [ 1601.
34 Stereoselective catalysis Enantioselective catalysis in zeolites is often looked upon as one of the ultimate goals. It requires chiral centers next to the catalytically active sites. In principle, different methods can be used to induce chiral properties. According to Dessau , chiral hydrogenating catalysts result if a n acid zeolite loaded with a hydrogenation metal, e. , Pt/HZSM-5, is neutralized with an optically active amine, such as S-(-)- a-methylbenzylamine (Fig. 10). M. Dessau. US Patent 4 554 262, Mobil Oil Corp..