By Thomas John Blumer, Mr. William L. Harris
With a Foreword through William Harris
while Europeans encountered them, the Catawba Indians have been residing alongside the river and through the valley that incorporates their identify close to the current North Carolina-South Carolina border. Archaeologists later accrued and pointed out different types of pottery varieties belonging to the historical Catawba and extrapolated an organization with their protohistoric and prehistoric predecessors.
during this quantity, Thomas Blumer strains the development thoughts of these documented ceramics to the lineage in their possible present-day grasp potters or, in different phrases, he lines the Catawba pottery traditions. via mining info from information and the oral traditions of up to date potters, Blumer reconstructs revenues circuits usually traveled through Catawba peddlers and thereby illuminates unresolved questions concerning exchange routes within the protohistoric interval. additionally, the writer information specific options of the consultant potters—factors similar to clay choice, software use, ornament, and firing techniques—which effect their styles.
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Extra info for Catawba Indian Pottery: The Survival of a Folk Tradition
In a valiant attempt to save their resources, the Catawba signed the Treaty of Pine Tree Hill in 1760 and the Treaty of Augusta in 1763. The Indians surrendered millions of acres to the Europeans, but they retained their ancient hunting rights to all of South Carolina. They naively thought their economy was safe, and that they could manage with their 144,000acre reserve. The eighteenth-century record is replete with accounts of white farmers attacking Catawba hunting parties (Bull, A Proclamation .
FAMILY INTERACTION The Catawba tradition is ¤rmly linked to the family. It is a cottage industry. All members of a given family are involved at different points in the long process from the clay holes to the ¤re. Younger members begin by playing in the clay or watching the ¤re and gathering wood. Older siblings may be trusted to rub pots. Serious building is always wisely left to the oldest and best potters. On occasion men join the family effort and scrape and rub pots. Some men have always been considered master potters in their own right.
Today some of the Indians joke that a federal Farm Program of¤cial tested the reservation soil and found that the rutted roads contained more nutrients than the gardens worked by the struggling Catawba (Willie Sanders, interview, 1 March 1987, BC). Soon after ethnologists took an interest in the Catawba, the potters began to leave written records of the prices they expected to receive for their pottery. In 1921, Nettie Owl provided Frank G. Speck with a 16 Chapter 2 number of her vessels. In one of several letters to the anthropologist, she provided an inventory/price list for a shipment (N.