By Edward J. M. Rhoads
China's 1911-12 Revolution, which overthrew a 2000-year succession of dynasties, is assumed of essentially as a metamorphosis in governmental type, from imperial to republican, conventional to fashionable. yet provided that the dynasty that was once overthrown -- the Qing -- used to be that of a minority ethnic team that had governed China's Han majority for almost 3 centuries, and that the revolutionaries have been overwhelmingly Han, to what quantity was once the revolution not just antimonarchical, but in addition anti-Manchu?Edward Rhoads explores this provocative and complex query in Manchus and Han, interpreting the evolution of the Manchus from a hereditary army caste (the "banner people") to a unique ethnic staff after which detailing the interaction and discussion among the Manchu court docket and Han reformers that culminated within the dramatic adjustments of the early twentieth century.Until now, many students have assumed that the Manchus were assimilated into Han tradition lengthy prior to the 1911 Revolution and have been not separate and distinguishable. yet Rhoads demonstrates that during some ways Manchus remained an alien, privileged, and detailed workforce. Manchus and Han is a pathbreaking learn that might endlessly switch the way in which historians of China view the occasions resulting in the autumn of the Qing dynasty. Likewise, it is going to make clear for ethnologists the original foundation of the Manchus as an occupational caste and their moving courting with the Han, from border humans to rulers to governed.