By L. Amadore, W. C. Bolhofer, R. V. Cruz (auth.), Lin Erda, William C. Bolhofer, Saleemul Huq, Stephanie Lenhart, Shishir K. Mukherjee, Joel B. Smith, Joe Wisniewski (eds.)
PREFACE ix ACKNOWLEDGMENTS xi L. AMADORE, W. C. BOLHOFER, R. V. CRUZ, R. B. FEIR, C. A. FREYSINGER, S. GUILL, ok. F. JALAL, A IGLESIAS, A. JOSE, S. LEATHERMAN, S. LENHART, S. MUKHER JEE, J. B. SMITH, and J. WISNIEWSKII weather switch Vulnerability and Adap tion in Asia and the Pacific: Workshop precis 1-12 A. IGLESIAS, LlN ERDA, and C. ROSENZWEIG I weather switch in Asia: A evaluate of the Vulnerability and Adaption of Crop construction 13-27 I. AMIEN, P. REJEKININGRUM, A. PRAMUDIA, and E. SUSANTII results of Interannual weather Variability and weather swap on Rice Yield in Java, Indonesia 29-39 R. D. BUAN, AR. MAGLlNAO, P. P. EVANGELISTA, and B. G. PAJUELAS I Vulnerability of Rice and Corn to weather switch within the Philippines 41-51 Z. KARIM, S. G. HUSSAIN, and M. AHMED I Assessing affects of Climatic diversifications on Foodgrain construction in Bangladesh 53-62 LlN ERDA I Agricultural Vulnerability and edition to worldwide Warming in China 63-73 WANG JINGHUA and LlN ERDA I The affects of strength weather switch and weather Variability on Simulated Maize construction in China 75-85 M. A. WIJERATNE I Vulnerability of Sri Lanka Tea construction to worldwide weather swap 87-94 B. BOLORTSETSEG and G. TUVAANSUREN I the aptitude affects of weather swap on Pasture and livestock creation in Mongolia 95-105 ok. BOONPRAGOB and J. SANTISIRISOMBOON I Modeling strength adjustments of wooded area zone in Thailand less than weather switch 107-117 okay. 1. KOBAK, I. YE. TURCHINOVICH, N. YU. KONDRASHEVA, E. -D. SCHULZE, W.
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Additional info for Climate Change Vulnerability and Adaptation in Asia and the Pacific: Manila, Philippines, 15–19 January 1996
1994, Climate impact assessment for agriculture in the Philippines: simulation ofrice yield under climate change scenarios, in: Implications ofClimate Changefor International Agriculture: Crop modeling Study, Rosenzweig C. and Iglesias A. S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. : 1987, Agricultural Forest Meteorology 39,55. 10, International Fertilizer Deve10pment Center, MuscJe Shoals, Alabama, 94 pp. 10, International Fertilize Development Center, Muscle Shoals, Alabarna, 86 pp.
Because of the rapid increase in population, the per capita land share decreased from 2,870 m 2 per person in 1960 to 1,600 m 2 per person in 1990 (NSCB, 1992). The Philippines, like other tropical countries, is considered to be extremely vulnerable to extreme meteorologie al events such as typhoons, storm surges, floods, and droughts. It is also affected by volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis, which have caused significant changes in the land's configuration and coastlines. Property damages caused by disastrous typhoons alone are close to about 30% of annual GNP.
Also, higher rainfall in the overutilized upstream areas of Java would induce more erosion, increase siltation of dams and harbors, raise river beds, and increase flooding during the rainy season. Currently, intensive upland rice cultivation is promoted outside of Java, where it is intercropped on tree plantations before the establishment ofthe fuH canopy ofthe trees. To address the problem of securing the food supply ofthe COlllltry, several actions are being taken, including producing better near real time analyses of climate to improve preparedness; using early rice varieties; using gogo rancah, that is, planting early at the end of dry season in the uplands and flooding the rice when sufficient rains come; and more efficient water usage such as interrnittent flooding and improved rural irrigation systems.