By Lloyd Dixon
Examines advantages going to people who have been killed or heavily injured within the September 11 assaults and merits to participants and companies in manhattan urban that suffered losses shape the assault at the international exchange heart.
Read Online or Download Compensation for Losses from the 9 11 Attacks PDF
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Extra resources for Compensation for Losses from the 9 11 Attacks
Serious injuries never reached the levels that were predicted in the early hours after the attacks. A total of 133,000 individuals contacted American Red Cross health volunteers in New York City between September 11, 2001, and April 2002. Of these, 404 had ongoing health needs, 57 were deemed to be catastrophically injured, 227 were expected to have ongoing needs for three to five years, and 120 were thought to require services for one to two years (Lowry, 2004b). Based on these numbers, we estimate that approximately 250 people were hospitalized for one day or more as a direct result of the attacks.
Experience from past events suggests that such court cases take years to reach any sort of resolution and seldom result in judgments that lead to payments to the families of the deceased or injured. The 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland, is an exception, at least in part. The 270 plaintiffs did ultimately receive $10 million each, but it took 15 years to reach a settlement (Glaberson, 2003). Projected Benefits Provided Through the Tort System. Recovery for the approximately 70 wrongful death plaintiffs is uncertain.
Estimates of insured losses typically include so-called loss-adjustment costs for claim processing, claim adjustment, and litigation, and we make adjustments to estimate the amount paid to policyholders. Economists typically discount benefit payments that will be made in the future back to the present. Such discounting allows the comparison over time of programs that have different expenditure profiles. Benefits paid subsequent to 9/11 were made at various points in time, but we do not have the information to reliably discount those payments to the present.