By Charles Beatty-Medina, Melissa Rinehart
A outstanding multifaceted historical past, Contested Territories examines a area that performed a necessary position in America's post-revolutionary expansion—the decrease nice Lakes zone, as soon as referred to as the Northwest Territory. As French, English, and at last American settlers moved westward and intersected with local American groups, the ethnogeography of the sector replaced vastly, necessitating interactions that weren't continuously peaceable. utilizing ethnohistorical methodologies, the seven essays offered the following discover quickly altering cultural dynamics in the area and reconstruct in attractive aspect the political association, economic climate, international relations, subsistence equipment, faith, and kinship practices in play. With a spotlight on resistance, altering worldviews, and early kinds of self-determination between local american citizens, Contested Territories demonstrates the continual interaction among actor and supplier in the course of an enormous period in American history.
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Extra resources for Contested Territories: Native Americans and Non-Natives in the Lower Great Lakes, 1700-1850
The iroquois League (separate from the Five nations iroquois Confederacy, the political-diplomatic body that formed in the late seventeenth century) existed specifically to ensure that peaceful relations and friendship could exist between its five member nations. the league was not an authoritative body; rather, iroquois townsfolk, chiefs, leading men and women, and any men old enough to gain respect made the most fundamental decisions in iroquois life. the fifty sacred sachems of the Grand Council of the league met at onondaga once per year to renew their friendship, condole with each other for deaths, settle minor disputes, and seek continued peace.
This article examines the period prior to the French and indian War in relationship to the Miamis’ change of allegiance from French to British and back to French. these shifts of allegiance led to political divisions within the tribe that in turn led to geographical separation. 15. daniel Barr, The Boundaries Between Us: Natives and Newcomers along the Frontiers of the Old Northwest Territory, 1750–1850 (Kent, oH: Kent state University Press, 2006), xxi. 16. Gregory dowd, A Spirited Resistance: The North American Indian Struggle for Unity, 1745–1815 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1993), 465.
The oneidas, onondagas, and Cayugas, who occupied the middle territories of iroquoia in the Finger Lakes region of what is now upstate new York, hunted and hauled furs to dutch or French traders, sometimes using the Mohawks as middlemen. the most populous nation of the league, the senecas, occupied the western end of iroquoia. their territory extended from just west of the Genesee river Valley eastward to the Finger Lakes. When overhunting reduced the numbers of beaver and other fur-bearing animals by the 1630s, iroquoians began to seek new hunting grounds to their west, north, and east.