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Mitochondrial movements could therefore be related to such needs, which would vary with time. , kinesins and dynein) generate the force required for that movement. Neuronal mitochondria differ neither in structure nor, probably, in metabolic role from their counterparts in other cell types. However, they display the following peculiarities, whose significance is unclear: dense granules are not common in their matrix, and long mitochondria often have longitudinally oriented cristae. 5. Lysosomes and Peroxisomes Using the differential centrifugation technique, a fraction rich in hydrolytic enzymes was isolated from cell homogenates, and the organelles comprising this fraction were called lysosomes to draw attention to their richness in such enzymes (de Duve et al.

This suggests that, at least in certain neurons, functional activity can influence the axon diameter. When a rat neuron is disconnected from its target cells, the diameter of its axon diminishes, suggesting that interactions between a neuron and its target cells may be involved in the control of the axon diameter (Hoffman et al. 1988). The following studies suggest 18 that interactions between an axon and its supporting cells also play a role in this regulation. (a) In a given motoneuron axon of the rat, the peripheral portion (myelinated by Schwann cells) in the ventral root is thicker than the central portion (myelinated by oligodendrocytes) in the spinal cord (Fraher 1978).

For example, nerve cells that survive metamorphosis converting from slow to fast motoneurons undergo specific changes in electrophysiological properties which are temporally correlated with an extensive remodeling of the dendritic morphology (Duch and Levine 2000). The development of the technique of intracellular filling, which allows to evaluate the physiological properties of neurons before they are filled to study their morphology (for a review, see Thomson and Armstrong 2011), gave a considerable impulse to studies on the correlation between the morphology and electrophysiological properties of vertebrate neurons.

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